Ⅰ。The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks followed by a list of words and expressions marked A to X。Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet。One word or expression for each blank only。(0。5 point for each,12 points)
1.They are always on _1_,always on the _2_ of failure,collectively and individually.They _3_,even the most secure and selfassured of them,to look good on paper;and there is much paper for them to look good on.Each week,for example, a _4_ of the sales results of the _5_ week for each sales office and for the trial Sales Department as a whole for each division of the company is kept and compared to the sales results for the _6_ week of the year beofre.
2。She had _7_to go away,to leave her home。Was that wise?She tried to _8_ each side of the question。In her home anyway she had _9_ and food;she had those whom she had known all her life about her。Of course she had to work hard,both in the house and at business。What would they say of her in the Stores when they found out that she had run away with a fellow?Say she was a _10_,perhaps;and her place would be filled up by _11_。Miss Gavan would be glad。She had always had an _12_ on her,especially whenever there were people listening。
3.Most people,when they are free to fill their own time _13_according to their own choice,are _14_ to think of anything sufficiently pleasant to be _15_doing.And whatever they decide on,they are troubled by the feeling _16_ something else would have been pleasanter.To be able to _17_ leisure intelligently is the last product of civilziation,and _18_very few people have reached this level.
4.Most disturbing of all was our discovery of the population explosion.It_19_ us rather suddenly that the number of _20_ on the small spaceship we inhabit is doubling about every forty years._21_ the earth's population keeps growing at this cancerous rate,all of the other problems appear virtually _22_.Our cities will continue to become more crowded and noisome.The _23_ will get more cluttered,the air and water even dirtier.The quality of life is _24_ to become steadily worse for everybody.
A。advertisement B。at a loss C。at present D。consented
E.corresponding F.dawned on G.edge H.fill I.fool
J.insoluble K.landscape L.left M.likely
N.passengers O.preceding P.record Q.shelter
R。so long as S。strain T。that U。trial V。verge
Ⅱ.There are 15 sentences with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X.Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet.One word or expression for each blank only.(1 point for each, 15 points)
1.This subject is not within the ___ of our investigation.
2.Archeological discoveries strengthened the ___ that Troy once existed.
3。___ your report we have decided to buy some new machines。
4.Miss Robin went through the typescript carefully,to ___ all errors from it.
5。Worded like that, the sentence ___ a rhetorical flavor。
6。Having been called upon to present her thesis at the annual conference,she spent several weeks ___ it。
7.Everyone ___ for the weather to change,after this bitter winter.
8.He was rather capricious,and his moods___from great friendliness to sullen anger.
9.___we admire Shakespeare's comedies,we cannot agree that they are superior to the tragedies.
10.One of the problems the local authorities have to deal with is the ___ of plastic containers.
11.They were prepared to ___ the possibility of finding empty seats in the theater.
12.The chain store should make a substantial profit ___ satisfactory labor relations are maintained.
13。Jack is very keen on sport;___,he plays tennis twice a week。
14.It is generally acknowledged that television is the most powerful and of the media.
15.He ___along as best he could,because he got a bad sprain in his ankle.
A.among other things B.disposal C.disposition D.eliminate
F.fluctuated G.gamble on H.hobbled I.hypothesis J.liberal K.liver
L.Much as M.multiple N.national O.on the strength of P.pervasive
Q。polishing R。politics S。provided that T。register U。scope
V.takes on W.yearns X.yielding
Ⅲ.Each of the following sentences is given two choices of words or expressions.Choose the right one to complete the sentence and mark the corresponding letter on your answer sheet.(1 point for each, 15 points)
1。 She heard his footsteps clacking along the concrete pavement and afterwards (A。crunching, B。ambling) on the cinder path before the new red houses。
2。The fact is that although network television still allots too little time to the vital service of informing the public,it does a better job in that little time than the nation's press( A。on the whole, B。as a whole)。
3。Americans find it difficult to think about old age until they are(A。compelled,B。propelled)into the midst of it by their own aging and that of relatives and friends。
4.“Somebody( A.stuffed,B.slipped)a rope round his neck and strangled him and you didn't wake up?”says Harry.
5.I don't know what it is but it's a (A.lone,B.lonesome)place and always was.
6.I find cooking a good way of (A.releasing,B.freeing) tension.
7.Away from the madding crowd,many citydwellers spend their weekends in the countryside to enjoy( A.peace,B.tranquility)
8。Obviously they were getting nowhere with their experiment,so they decided to (A。resist, B。desist)from it for the time being。
9.“I'll come and give you a hand tomorrow.”“(A.Terrific,B.Terrifying)!”
10.The oil tanker was safely secured at the river mouth(A.by means of, B.by way of)steel cables.
11.Some children are never thankful to their parents.They(A.take it for granted,B.take for granted) what their parents have done for them.
12。The theater would have closed(A。if,B。unless)the municipal government had refused to give extra money。
13.To carry out this plan will(A.require,B.acquire)increasing our staff by 20 percent.
14.The very sight of the police handcuffs sent(A.trembling,B.shivers)down his spine.
15.He hardly knew that it was the medicine he had taken that(A.tempted,B.induced)his drowsiness.
Ⅳ。Translate the following into English and write your translation on your answer sheet。 (3 points each for 1-4,6 points for 5)
Read the following passage carefully and complete the following four items:
The Birth of Rock
In some ways,the origin of rock and roll can be traced to a rivalry between two economic organizations in the music industry:ASCAP and BMI.The American Society of Composers,Authors, and Publishers(ASCAP)was formed in 1914 to guarantee that its members received a fee for the playing of their songs.ASCAP'right to collect this fee from the radio stations stood one court test after another.ASCAP charged each radio station a blanket amount to use its material.In 1941 it announced a 100 percent fee increase.Radio stations refused to go along,and as a result all songs protected by ASCAP were taken off the air.This included the work of many of the popular songwriters of the time and left radio stations with little music.The dispute was settled,at least temporarily,towards the end of 1941,but by that time radio stations had begun to rely on music provided by a new guild of composers.
Broadcast Music,Incorporated(BMI),was formed to scout for fresh talent who could provide radio stations with music.This became increasingly important as more stations switched to the deejay format.BMI was looking for a new sound.The sound they found was rock and roll.By the mid1950's BMI was a powerful force and so was the new sound.
In 1956 the Anti-Trust Committee of the House Judiciary Committee investigated BMI's domination of the recording industry。Songwriter Billy Rose,an ASCAP member, outlined BMI's role in the rise of rock and roll。
Not only are more of the BMI song junk,but in some cases they are obscene junk pretty much on the level with dirty comic magazines… It is the current climate on radio and TV which makes Elvis Presley and his animal posturings possilble…
When ASCAP's songwriters were permitted to be heard,Al Joslon,Nora Bays,and Eddie Cantor were all big salesmen of songs.Today it is a set of untalented twitchers and twisters whose appeal is largely to the zootsuiter and the juvenile delinquent.
But of course there was much more to it than that.Rock and roll had come at a time when young people were finding it difficult to relate to the likes or Doris Day and Patti Page.There had been too many “adult”bands and too many tired crooners.Youth now wanted a sound of its ownsomething new,different,and vital.
Rock was actually a blend of country music and rhythm and blues(R&B) that was popular among black people during the early 1950's。But record producers suspected that national white audiences would never idolize a black popular singer,no matter how much they liked the R&B beat。Sam Phillips,a lawyer and former disco jockey who formed Sun Records in the early 1950s,was a tireless researcher。He drove all over the South looking for new talent and promoting his records。“What I need,”he said,unabashedly,“is a white boy who can sing colored。” In 1954 he found him。Elvis Presley recorded “That's Alright Mama”,and the song enjoyed moderate success on the country music charts。Within two years Presley became the Sinatra of the 1950s,and by the end of the decade,the older generation was explaining to the young that Sinatra had been the Elvis Presley of the 1940's。
The father of rock and roll was Cleveland Deejay Alan Freed,who had started mixing R&B songs with Al Martino and Frank Sinatra records as early as 1951 on W/W.It was he who coined the term rock and roll to make R&B palatable to his white audience.In 1954 Freed moved to WINS in New York,where his Moodog's Rock and Roll Party was an instant success.WINS was soon the number one station in New York.Freed helped introduce Bill Haley's “Rock around the Clock”,the first rock and roll single to reach the top of the charts.
The Blackboard Jungle,a film about juvenile delinquency,featured “Rock around the Clock”as part of the soundtrack.The pulsating,uninhibited new sound was linked with restless,rebellious youth.Young people flocked to the screen to see that film and others in a similar vein.Radio,movies,and print media all contributed to the rise of rock and roll as the king of popular music.
“Rock around the Clock”was the bestselling song of 1955.In 1956 Elvis Presley had five of the year's 16 best sellers,including the number one and number two records,“Don't Be Cruel” and “Heartbreak Hotel”.I was one of the millions of kids who stood in front of the mirror with a plastic guitar and tried my best to imitate his wild pelvic movements.
Dick Clark's American Bandstand sent the latest songs out to millions of America's teenagers。 Many artists like Frankie Avlon,Fabian,Paul Anka,Bobby Dorin,and Bobby Rydell used the dance show as a stepping stone in their careers。Every one of them was a teenage idol in the mold of Sinatra and Presley;all made millions of dollars and were worshiped everywhere they went。But none surpassed Presley;he remained “the King”。Though he died in 1977, his music and the impact it had on American youth will be felt for decades to come。
Another change that happened during the 1950's was the disappearance of the 78——rpm discs that had taken over from Edison's cylinders。The 78s were too large and too breakable,so they were replaced by the smaller,more durable 45—rpm records。Teenagers could pick up a couple of dozen of these and take them to a “sock hop”。This helped records and the music to become an important part of the youth culture。
Despite the anguished pleas of the older generation and of songwriters likeBilly Rose,rock and roll was here to stay。
Ⅴ.Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on your answer sheet.(1 point for each, 10 points)
1。The subject of the article is ____。
A.the music industry
C。the popularity of rock and roll
D。beginnings of rock and roll
2。The main idea is ____。
A.several factors contributed to the rise of rock and roll
B.music is a reflection of the times
C。rock and roll music is unique
D。rock and roll began in the conflict between ASCAP and BMI
3。Rock and roll ____。
A.came from modern jazz
B。was a mix of country music and rhythm and blues
C.began in Europe
D。began in the 1940's
4。The father of rock and roll was ____。
A.Elvis Presley B.Sam Phillips
C.Alan Freed D.Dick Clark
5。Rock and roll artists were promoted by ____。
C.all radio stations D.Billy Rose
6.The 1956 Anti-Trust Committee investigated ____.
A.Elvis Presley B.ASCAP
C.BILLY Rose D.BMI
7.Rock and roll started in the United States because ____.
A.Europeans are too traditional to appreciate it
B。white Americans admired black musicians
C.ASCAP was looking for a new sound
D.the United States had a variety of cultures that could combine to form something new
8。If ASCAP hadn't raised its fee,____。
A。rock and roll would never have developed
B。there would have been no difficulty in the rise of rock and roll
C。Elvis Presley would never have been discovered
D。rock and roll would probably have developed later
9。ASCAP didn't like BMI because ____。
A。they produced different types of music
B。BMI undermined the ASCAP fee hike
C.they were competitors
D。all of the above are true
10。Elvis Presley became famous because ____。
A。he had connections in the music industry
B。he had a unique style for a white singer
C.he was already a famous crooner
D.he appeared in Blackboard Jungle
Ⅵ.Choose the one that is the closest in meaning to the underlined words or expressions.(1 point for each, 10 points)
1.ASCAP's right to collect this fee from the radio stations stood one court test after another.
A.supported themselves in B.performed
C.remained unmoving in D.accepted successfully
2.Broadcast Music,Incorporated(BMI),was formed to scout for fresh talent who could provide radio stations with music.
3.The snobbish posturings of the newly rich prevent them from shopping for bargains.
4。The rivalry between the Dodgers and the Giants started many years ago, when both were New York baseball teams。
5。It was he who coined the term rock and roll to make R&B palatable to his white audience。
6.The Blackboard Jungle,a film about juvenile delinquency,featured “Rock around the Clock” as part of the soundtrack.
A.senior B.quite experienced
C.childish and foolish D.sophisticated
7。The pulsating,uninhibited new sound was linked with restless,rebellious youth。
8.But none surpassed Presley;he remained “the King”.
C.go by D.go beyond
9.There are too many “adult”bands and too many tired crooners.
10.Not only are more of the BMI songs junk,but in many cases they are obscene junk pretty much on the level with dirty comic magazines.
Ⅶ.Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write your translation on your answer sheet.(2 points for each,10 points)
1。Radio stations refused to go along,and as a result all songs protected by ASCAP were taken off the air。
2.Rock was actually a blend of country music and rhythm and blues (R & B) that was popular among black people during the early 1950's.
3.Radio,movies and print media all contributed to the rise of rock and roll as the king of popular music.
4.Though he died in 1977,his music and the impact it had on American youth will be felt for decades to come.
5。Despite the anguished pleas of the older generation and of songwriters like Billy Rose, rock and roll was here to stay。
Ⅷ.Answer the following essay question in about 100 words.Write your answer on the answer sheet.(10 points)
In what way did Alan Freed contribute to the rise of rock and roll?Use specific examples to support your answer。