Ⅰ. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (12 points,0. 5 point each)
● Consider the 1 assumptions that television tends to 2 : that complexity must be 3 , that visual stimulation is a 4 for thought, that verbal 5 is an anachronism. It may be old-fashioned, but I was taught that thought is words, 6 in grammatically precise ways.
● She moved from that chair to this one 7 here, and just sat there with her hands 8 together and looking down。 I got a 9 that I ought to 10 some conversation, so I said I had come in to see if John wanted to 11 in a telephone, and 12 that she started to laugh。
● At that I 13 my teeth in disgust. 14 only they wouldn't use the word ‘hurt’ I might be able to get 15 . But I did not 16 myself to be hurried or 17 but speaking quietly and slowly I 18 the child again.
● Downtown, she parked her car in a 19 . Everything was getting ready for this 20 . She did not carry the flowers in her car but she carried them in her 21 . Now she was going to 22 out whether it was death or 23 . Either she could 24 .
Ⅱ. There are 15 sentences from the textbooks, with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (15 points,1 point each)
25. Operationally excellent companies ______ a combination of quality, price, and ease of purchase that no one else in their market can match.
26. Students were not conscious of the ghetto as a ______phenomenon.
27。 It is not possible to make the very best cheese in vast quantities at a low average ______。
28. I didn't mind ______ Saturdays, but until eleven, twelve Friday nights was too much.
29. American individualism, on the face of it an admirable philosophy, wishes to ______ itself in independence of the community.
30。 Those of us who are not old ______ ourselves from discussions of old age by declaring the subject morbid, boring or in poor taste。
31. I am speaking of the local press which in hundreds of American communities is the only news available, aside from those recitals of ticker tape that ______ radio news.
32. The sun was breaking through clouds, ______ a smell of earth to heaven.
33. We demanded justice for the body ______ for the soul.
34。 When she breathed, something light and sad- no, not sad, exactly - something gentle seemed to move in her ______。
35。 There was a little patch beside the rocky road, and Mrs。 Flowers walked in front ______ her arms and picking her way over the stones。
36. “Jagger,” he said,“grabs a half-gallon jug of water and runs along the front platform,______ its contents over the first few rows of sweltering listeners…”
37.I must confess that I always suspect the men who _____ that they unvaryingly fall asleep as soon as they get into bed.
38。 Another worry is that a legal framework for euthanasia, permitting a doctor to comply with a dying man's request set in a prescribed of circumstances, might pose dangers for society by setting a ______ for killing。
39. But for the poor in spirit, with low levels of both energy and pride, it may be the least ___ choice available.
A. working B. swinging C. as well as D. poison
E. insoluble F. manifest G. cost H. intolerable
I. divided J. to work K. releasing L. act as
M. had rather N. boast O. blurt out P. deliver
Q. sprinkling R. so long as S. sample T. barricade
U. pass for V. precedent W. separate X. bosom
Ⅲ. Each of the following sentences is given two choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and mark the corresponding letter on your answer sheet. (15 points, 1 point each)
40. Jane and Tom have ([A] broken out,[B] fallen out) and do not speak to each other now.
41. Although the heavy rain stopped, it was at least an hour later when the flood began to ([A] retreat, [B] recede).
42. I've put on so much weight that my clothes don't([A] fit,[B] suit)me.
43。 We([A] replaced,[B]renewed) the stolen car when the insurance money arrived。
44. Many people found([A] current,[B]contemporary)art very difficult to understand.
45。 Because of the heavy storm, the residents in this region were ([A] rescued,[B]evacuated) to a safe place。
46。 China is big and rich in minerals which have not been properly ([A] exploded, [B]exploited) 。
47. Modern machines will certainly increase factory ([A] output, [B] outcome) at a considerable rate.
48. Mr. Brown went to the hospital for a ([A] conventional,[B]routine) physical check-up.
49。 Some naughty students tried to ([A]provoke,[B]stir) the new teacher into losing her temper。
50。 I was extremely exhausted at first, but after two hours' sleep, I felt considerably ([A] refreshed,[B]relaxed)。
51。 Since we don't have the key, we must use([A]force,[B]strength)to open this locked door。
52. She([A] attributed,[B]attached) a check to the letter and sent it out.
53。 You'd better put your small electrical apparatus in a place that is not ([A] available [B] accessible) to your children。
54. The eloquent speaker succeeded in([A] appealing,[B]arousing) to the emotions of the audience.
Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding four items:Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅵ and Ⅶ.
Drivers in China
1) I am in my mid-fifties, a senior citizen, living in Minnesota. Three summers ago, I left my family of three and spent six months in Shanghai, China, on a teaching tour. Like all other tourists, the experiences were new, exciting and somewhat strange to me.
2) Like all other tourists I brought home many souvenirs, some warm friendship and many memories. Unlike the others, I also brought home some questions. I am still looking for answers to some of them. One of them is about Chinese driving habits.
3) Chinese drivers, whether they be bus, taxi or truck drivers, have had to put up with endless traffic jams and unruly bicyclists. They also have had another chore on the unbelievably crowded streets; the scene you can only appreciate by picturing yourself amongst a crowd in a state fair. They turn the engine on and off during stops on intersections or traffic jams. They turn lights off in the night at intersections as well as on brightly lit streets. Every time I was close to a driver in a vehicle, I could not help noticing the poor driver putting the extra work to himself. It drove me so crazy that I had to find out the reasons.
4) But the answers they gave me were always the same: to save gas and to avoid traffic accidents.
5) Later, I was informed that several traffic accidents were caused by beaming lights that blinded the bikers and pedestrians as well as drivers from the opposite direction. I was somewhat satisfied with that answer. One question lingered however: how many accidents have been caused by invisible cars because the lights were turned off? Between the two evils which one is worse?
6) I was not happy with the answer about gas saving. One day, I was traveling with my colleague Mr. Liu. I told him I never turned off my engine during short stops because restarting not only was hard on the battery but also would cause wear and tear on the starter. Cutting the engine during stops really saved very little gas. Apparently amused by my observation,Mr. Liu relayed the question to the driver.
7) “To save gas. ” Click, the driver turned the engine off while answering. A few seconds later, he turned the key to start on the green light. The old engine coughed and failed to catch fire until after several attempts.
8) “Professor Smith here,”Mr. Liu said to the driver,“has driven at least 20 years in America. He told me that to restart after a brief stop does not save much gas, and it is not good for the starter. It also wastes your battery power. ”
9) “I was told to do this in my driving classes. ”
10) “Your trainer could be wrong, you know,”said Mr. Liu. I guessed he was on my side because of my 20 years of driving experience.
11) Why are Chinese drivers told to kill engines during short stops? What good does it do to … anything? How long have they done this? Who or what started that notion? I left China the following year puzzled。
12) I had my questions partially answered in Japan, where I visited Jack, on my way back to the States.
13) In the evening on the third day of my visit, he drove me back to the hotel in his Toyota(丰田车). I noticed the same curious maneuver that had bothered me in the streets of Shanghai.
14)“Why do you turn the lights off every time you stop?” I decided to ask the easier question first.
15)“We have strict regulations on handling vehicles in Japan. The regulation requires a driver to turn lights off at the intersections so they will not blind drivers from the other direction,” he said. “Now this practice has been accepted by the general population as a polite thing for a driver to do. A pedestrian will stop in front of your car and give you a disgusted stare if you leave lights on while stopping,” he added.
16)“Why do you turn the engine off on red lights?” I continued with the second, more controversial question.
17) “Well…” It took him a while to put his thoughts together and his words in proper places. “ I was told that it would preserve battery power. You Americans are able to recharge batteries because you drive faster on freeways. Our driving speed hardly ever exceeds 35 miles per hour. ”
18)“That might be a good reason a few years ago, but batteries are made better now. You should not have to worry about running out of power,” I argued. I didn't want to debate with him over the issue. My understanding was quite the contrary. Starting an engine requires a power surge, hence more battery power.
19)Yes, this must be where the notion had come from, Japan. The Japanese have almost monopolized the entire automobile market in China. It is logic to assume that they would be the people to provide drivers' education. But where has that notion of fuel saving come from?
20)“But they do it for different reasons. They told me they did it to save gas. ”
21)“… I wonder where have they got that idea from? It does not make sense…”He started to ponder。 “Even if it does conserve gas, the saving is so minute it is not worth the trouble。 ”
22)“Yes…I wonder …”I said. To this day I am still wondering.
Ⅳ。 There are 10 incomplete statements, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D。 Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on your answer sheet。 (10 points, 1 point each)
55. The writer brought home ____.
[A]a lot of gifts and memories and friendship
[B]a lot of questions as well as numerous gifts, souvenirs and friendship
[C]souvenirs, memories as well as some questions
[D]some warm friendship, gifts and memories
56。 Chinese drivers have had to put up with endless traffic jams。 They are _____。
[A]bus-drivers, truck——drivers and car drivers
[B]bus——drivers, taxi-drivers, truck—drivers but not car-drivers
[C]taxi-drivers, tractor—drivers and bus—drivers
57。 “…the scene you can appreciate by picturing yourself amongst a crowed in a state fair。 ”Here “you can appreciate” means____。
[A]you can understand
[B]you can enjoy
[C]you can entertain yourself with
[D]you can recognize
58. … I could not help noticing the poor driver putting the extra work to himself. This sentence shows ____.
[A]he was very sympathetic with the driver
[B]he didn't want to see the poor driver suffer
[C]he didn't want to, yet always saw the driver putting the extra work to himself
[D]he hated noticing the driver putting the extra work to himself
59. Between the two evils which one is worse? In this sentence, the author thinks____.
[A]one evil is not as bad as the other.
[B]one evil is much worse than the other.
[C]there is little difference between the two.
[D]there is a little difference between the two.
60. The author's 20-year driving experience convinced him that he should not turn off his engine during short stops because ____.
[A]engines were expensive and broke down easily
[B]it would waste battery power and to harm to the starter
[C]it was very difficult to start the car again and it would give the driver a headache
[D]the starter was easy to break down and you would have to replace it
61。 Mr。 Liu relayed the author's question to the driver because ____。
[A]he thought the question was ridiculous
[B]he was not interested in the question
[C]he was too lazy to answer the question himself
[D]he might have the same question on his mind
62。 I had my questions partially answered in Japan。 It means____。
[A]most of my questions were answered in Japan
[B]my questions were more or less answered in Japan
[C]all my questions were answered in Japan
[D]my questions were hardly answered in Japan
63。 A pedestrian will stop in front of your car and give you a disgusted stare if you leave lights on while stopping。 The sentence means a pedestrian will ____。
[A]give you a cold and inquiring look
[B]look at you and make you hate yourself
[C]look at you with fixed eyes to let you know that he doesn't like you
[D]look at you with an unnatural and vague expression
64。 The author thought the Japanese might be those who started the practice of cutting the engine during stops and the Chinese followed their example because ____。
[A]the Japanese played a controlling role in China's automobile market
[B]Japan is an advanced automobile producer in the world
[C]the Japanese have good rules and regulations on how to drive
[D]the Japanese are aggressive and they enforce their rules on the Chinese
Ⅴ。 There is one underlined part in each of the following sentences, followed by four choices A, B, C and D。 Choose the one that is the closest in meaning to the underlined part。 (10 points, 2 points each)
65. They also have had another chore on the unbelievably crowded streets.
66。 It drove me so crazy that I had to find out the reasons。
[A]I could no longer put up with it so I had to …
[B]I was so interested in it that …
[C]I was so curious about it that …
[D]I was so touched that …
67。 The old engine coughed and failed to catch fire。
[A]it was ill and had a bad cold
[B]it made some short and harsh noises
[C]it was tired and didn't want to start
[D]it made a long and loud noise
68。 Starting an engine requires a power surge, hence more battery power。
[A]a power recharge
[B]an over-loaded power
[C]a wave of power jumping up and down
[D]a sudden increase of power
69。 Even if it does conserve gas, the saving is so minute it is not worth the trouble。
[A]it really does not save gas at all
[B]the amount of gas it saves is extremely small
[C]the gas it saves is not enough
[D]the gas it saves is not noticed
Ⅵ. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write your translation on your answer sheet. (10 points, 2 points each)
70. Later, I was informed that several traffic accidents were caused by beaming lights that blinded the bikers and pedestrians as well as drivers from the opposite direction. ( in paragraph 5)
71. One question lingered however: how many accidents have been caused by invisible cars because the lights were turned off?(in paragraph 5)
72。 In the evening on the third day of my visit, he drove me back to the hotel in his Toyota。 I noticed the same curious maneuver that had bothered me in the streets of Shanghai。 (in paragraph 13)
73. “Now this practice has been accepted by the general population as a polite thing for a driver to do ……”. (in paragraph 15)
74。 “Well…”It took him a while to put his thoughts together and his words in proper places。 “I was told that it would preserve battery power。 You Americans are able to recharge batteries because you drive faster on freeways。 ”(in paragraph 17)
Ⅶ. Answer the following essay question in English within 80 - 100 words. Write your answer on your answer sheet. (10 Points)
What questions did the author have about driving in China? Why?
Ⅷ. Translate the following into English and write your translation on your answer sheet. (18 points, 2 points each from 75 to 79,8 points for 80)
80. 最后他们一致同意抽签决定他们当中哪三个人应该先死。一位职员把他的一封信撕成30小片， 并用铅笔在其中三片上画了个十字。接着，他把所有的小片折叠好，放进一只大鞋子里面。然后他们就按他们名字的字母顺序开始抽签。