Ⅰ.Supply the missing topic sentence in the underlined part of each of the following paragraphs.(20%)
1.Why are men fond of smoking? They regard smoking as something to show their good manners and ability. What a funny logic! We know that smoking is harmful to the health of men. It may cause many diseases such as lung cancer, and shorten our life span. Moreover, a smoker does great harm to non-smokers around him .So in public places smoking is annoying. It is impolite to smoke among those who have no habit of smoking._________________.
2。_________________,In the first paragraph she identifies for us what her expectations were。 In the next three paragraphs she tells us the background, the actual incident, and the follow-up of one event of critical importance to her。 In the final paragraph she gives us her later understanding of the event and relates it to wider implications that readers can supply to their own life。
3.English writing is generally the most difficult one in the language competence required for the students majoring in English, considering the great pains student writers take and the slight progress they make in their practice. Most of the beginners think there is no need to practice writing English compositions since their writing skill in Chinese is quite sufficient, and English writing is after all not quite practical for their future work._________________.
4。_________________—one of the smallest bookshelves that you can find in this world。。 It offers me so much convenience and help that it has become my close friend and devoted companion: a friend in need and a companion through the night。 A roommate once joked that it was like a bird’s nest。 “You can say that again,”I replied。 “But don’t forget that there are eggs in the nest and they contain the indispensable vitamins。”
Ⅱ。Write an outline。(20%)
Read the following passage carefully and then compose a “topic outline”for it.
Holidays Celebrated in My Country
People in the United States, like citizens of most countries, look forward to a number of holidays each year。 These days usually celebrate a patriotic, political, or religious event of the past。 Among the patriotic holidays in the United States are Labor Day ,Veterans’Day, Columbus Day, and Thanksgiving。 Political holidays include Washington’s Day, Lincoln’s Birthday, and Independence Day。 Many Americans think of two religious holidays—Easter and Christmas—as the most important celebrations of the year。 One holiday in a category of its own is New Year’s Day 。
A study of patriotic holidays in the United States suggests some American values. Labor Day ,celebrated on the first Monday of September, pays tribute to the agricultural and industrial workers who have contributed to America’s growth over the past 300 years .Veteran’s Day honors the men who have served in the United States armed forces. On the second Monday of October, Americans pause to recall the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus, who set out in fifteenth century in search of the New World. The Thanksgiving holiday recalls America’s earliest history. Thanksgiving dinners, centering round roast turkey, are served on the third Thursday of November in memory of the colonists who first came from England in the seventeenth century to settle in Massachusetts.
Another type of American holidays, the political celebration, commemorates significant figures or events in the United States history. Two highly esteemed presidents, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, are honored by a single holiday .The birthdays of Washington, the first president of the United States ,and of Lincoln, America’s Civil war president, are celebrated on Presidents’ Day, the third Monday of February. Perhaps the most colorful celebration each year takes place on Independence Day, popularly called the Fourth of July. Many families plan picnics and attend public fireworks displays on this political holiday recalling the signing of the Declaration of Independence on July 4,1776.
Unlike America’s political holidays, two popular religious holidays are marked by intense preparations and lengthy celebration. Most schools and colleges are closed for a week’s vacation in the spring at Easter, the holiday honoring the resurrection of Christ. Of all the American holidays, Easter is the only one that is not held at a fixed time every year .Commemorating the second day following Christ’s crucifixion, an event that has not been exactly placed in time, Easter is now celebrated on the first Sunday after the first full moon occurring upon or immediately after the vernal equinox. Thus the holiday takes place each year sometime between March 22 and April 25. Church services are crowded. In many cities, families dressed in their new spring clothing walk down the main streets in an “Easter parade”. For children, Easter brings the excitement of the mythical Easter rabbit, which hides colored eggs for them to find. Each year at Easter children gather for festivities on the White House lawn in Washington, D. C.
A religious holiday in which the leaving of gifts plays an event more important part is Christmas. Celebrating the birthday of Christ, Christmas occurs on December 25.Most schools close for the last two weeks of December. Because the three Magi were said to have brought gifts to Christ at his birth, American families leave gaily wrapped packages under a decorated evergreen tree on the night before Christmas to be opened the next morning.
Like people everywhere, Americans welcome the idea of making a fresh start in life. For this reason, the first day of every year is celebrated as a holiday. Couples attend lively parties on the evening of December 31, breaking into much revelry at midnight. At the year’s end, many people also make their New Year’s resolutions. They promise themselves in the New Year to overcome one or more of their bad habits. But sometimes, of course, a New Year’s resolution is not strong enough to last a full 365 days.
Interview is often a must in present job applications. It is important to succeed in an interview if one wants to get a desired job. Write an expository essay of about 300 words on “How to succeed in an interview in applying for a job”.